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Green Vehicle

Posted By Gaye Amen     November 8, 2017    


green vehicle, or clean vehicle, or eco-friendly vehicle or environmentally-friendly vehicle is a road motor vehiclethat produces less harmful impacts to the environment than comparable conventional internal combustion enginevehicles running on gasoline or diesel, or one that uses certain alternative fuels.[3][4][5] Presently, in some countries the term is used for any vehicle complying or surpassing the more stringent European emission standards (such as Euro6), or California's zero-emissions vehicle standards (such as ZEVULEVSULEVPZEV), or the low-carbon fuel standardsenacted in several countries.

Green vehicles can be powered by alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies and include hybrid electric vehiclesplug-in hybrid electric vehiclesbattery electric vehiclescompressed-air vehicleshydrogen and fuel-cell vehiclesneat ethanol vehiclesflexible-fuel vehiclesnatural gas vehiclesclean diesel vehicles, and some sources also include vehicles using blends of biodiesel and ethanol fuel or gasohol. In November 2016, with an EPA-rated fuel economy of 136 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (mpg-e) (1.7 L/100 km), the 2017 Hyundai Ioniq Electric became the most efficient EPA-certified vehicle considering all fuels and of all years, surpassing the 2014-2016 model year all-electricBMW i3.

Several author also include conventional motor vehicles with high fuel economy, as they consider that increasing fuel economy is the most cost-effective way to improve energy efficiency and reduce carbon emissions in the transport sector in the short run. As part of their contribution to sustainable transport, these vehicles reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, and contribute to energy independence by reducing oil imports.

An environmental analysis extends beyond just the operating efficiency and emissions. A life-cycle assessment involves production and post-use considerations. A cradle-to-cradle design is more important than a focus on a single factor such as energy efficiency.